Developing community-based farm and forest-based enterprises in Nepal
Nepal is rich in biological and cultural diversity, including many natural resources on which rural communities rely. Yet despite this, Nepal is one of the world’s poorest countries. Since the early 1990s, the Asia Network for Sustainable Agriculture and Bioresources (ANSAB) in Nepal realised that the conservation and sustainable use of bio-resources had great potential to address the livelihood needs of small farmers. In this article, the authors explore how business incubation can stimulate the growth and sustainability of locally controlled farm and forest-based enterprises. They advocate for developing holistic programmes which address specific needs and gaps, such as identifying value chains with business potential and providing technical support, leadership and initial support from government and development organisations, and delegating responsibility and ownership to local communities.